Children and Nation: Forcible Child Transfer and the Genocide Convention through Historical and Contemporary Lenses

Yerevan, May 13-15, 2023

Saturday May 13, 2023

9:00 am – 9:30 am


9:30 am – 10:00 am

Welcome speeches

10:00 am – 11:30 am

Panel One (Moderator: Harutyun Marutyan)
Edita Gzoyan Understanding Forcible Child Transfer: From Lemkin’s Notion to a Genocidal Crime

Melanie O’Brien Forcible Transfer of Children: How Does the Law Interpret “Forcible”?

Ruth Amir Conscription and Enlistment of Child Soldiers: A Specter of Forcible Child Transfer


11:30 am – 12:00 pm

Coffee break

12:00 pm – 1:50 pm

Panel Two (Moderator: Donna-Lee Frieze)
Caroline Schneider The Impact of Forcible Child Transfer on the Children: The Yazidi Case

Henry TheriaultImpossible Harms: The Challenging of Repairing Key Impacts of Genocide on Children

Cindy Ness & Alden Ness Social Death as it Relates to Forced Child Transfer and Genocide

Asya Darbinyan Can Children Speak? Children’s Perspectives on Forced Displacement and Survival during the Armenian Genocide


1:50 pm – 2:40 pm


2:40 pm – 4:00 pm

4:00 pm – 4:30 pm

Coffee break

4:30 pm – 6:00 pm

Panel Three (Moderator: Asya Darbinyan)
Donna-Lee Frieze Kanyini and Terra Australis Incognita: A Prelude to a Discussion on Stolen Generations Testimonies

Hilary Earl Shooting Victims. Capturing Terror: The December 1941 Škēde Beach Photographs of Children and Youth

Rubina Peroomian The Institutions of Turkification and Assimilation in the Eyes of Armenian Orphans Who Fled Them


7:00 pm


Sunday May 14, 2023

9:00 am – 9:30 am


9:30 am – 11:20 am

Panel Four (Moderator: Armen Marsoobian)
Peter Balakian Literary Witness and Survivor Memoir of the Cambodian Genocide: Loung Ung’s First They Killed My Father

Serafim Seppälä Religion and Spirituality in the Memoirs Written by Child Survivors of the Armenian Genocide

Steve McCullough The Witness Blanket: Decolonizing Digital Storytelling About Canada’s Residential School System

Elisa von Jordan-Forgey What is Transferred with Our Children? Understanding the Genocidal Nature of this Crime


11:20 am – 12:20 pm

Visit to the Armenian Genocide Memorial and Museum

12:20 pm – 12:50 pm

Coffee break

12:50 pm – 2:20 pm

Panel Five (Moderator: Peter Balakian)
Regina Galustyan Child Transfer in the Ideological Framework of Racial Nationalism: The Ottoman Case

Shushan Khachatryan From the Devşirme Practices to the Armenian Genocide: On Religious Legitimization of Christian Minors’ Conversions

Armen Marsoobian Saving the Body but Not the Soul: The “Rescue” of Children in the Aftermath of the Armenian Genocide


2:20 pm – 3:20 pm


3:20 pm – 5:10 pm

Panel Six (Moderator: Steve McCullough)
Narine Margaryan The Turkification of Armenian Children in the Ottoman Empire’s State Orphanages (1915-1918)

Jared McDonald “Passed off as Orphans”: Civilian-led Child Confiscations as a Defining Contributing Factor in the Genocide of the Cape San, c.1806-1830

Elisenda Calvet Martinez Spanish Stolen Babies: The Transfer of Children with a “Republican Gen”

Felix Berry Forcible Transfer: Genocide (and) Recognition Politics in Canada


Monday May 15, 2023

9:00 am – 11:00 am

Debrief on Conference Workshop: Towards a Forcible Child Removals Group Work Proposal

11:00 am – 5:00 pm


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